Journal On Tourism & Sustainability <p><em>International Journal <span class="il">On</span>-<span class="il">Tourism</span> &amp; Sustainability (JOTS) </em>is dedicated to supporting the rapidly expanding area of tourism development research. Our primary focus is to advance critical thinking on tourism as a catalyst for sustainable development. &nbsp;It is a peer-reviewed journal aiming to publish original research from a multidisciplinary perspective. We welcome theoretical, conceptual and empirical research that explores the relationship between tourism and development. &nbsp;</p> OTS en-US Journal On Tourism & Sustainability 2515-6780 <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> Revisiting Oldenburg’s Third Place: Leisure in the Coffee House <p>Oldenburg’s ‘third places’ i.e., public places for relaxation and socialization away from ‘home’ and ‘work’ place, contribute significantly to the wellbeing of society. However, with continuous modernization, technological and social transformations, the third places of contemporary times have turned into multipurpose ‘mixed spaces’ that combine individual leisure, interactions, productive work and even virtual socialization. In view of the rapid transition of ‘third places’ this study investigates the third-place characteristics and leisure in the Indian Coffee House (ICH), Shimla, an old establishment that has long survived intense competition from modern branded <em>Café</em> culture and continues to remain a popular hub for community social bonding. In the current digital era characterized by people seen increasingly withdrawn into their individual virtual cocoons (even when in company), this study concludes that ICH continues to retain its distinct traditional ‘authentic third place’ appeal where people are still drawn to enjoy real time social interaction ‘Together Together’, as opposed to enjoying ‘Alone Together’.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Third Place, Coffee House, Leisure</p> Sonia Khan Rajinder Kumar Copyright (c) 2021 Sonia Khan, Professor, Rajinder Kumar, Asst. Professor 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 5 1 Trends and Potential of Eco-tourism Development in Uttarakhand Himalaya <p>This paper examines the trends and potential of eco-tourism development in the Uttarakhand Himalaya by analysing both the potential of eco-tourism development and eco-tourism resource base. Data were gathered from the Uttarakhand Forest Statistical Diary 2017-18 and the Uttarakhand Eco-Tourism Corporation, Dehradun, respectively. The trends of eco-tourists’ inflow in NPs and WLSs and revenue earned from it were examined. The key results from the data analyses depict that the Uttarakhand Himalaya has plenty of eco-tourism resource bases – six national parks (5006.76 km<sup>2</sup>), seven wildlife sanctuaries (2683.73 km<sup>2</sup>), and four conservation reserves (212.54 km<sup>2</sup>) along with rich faunal, floral, and avifaunal diversity. These resource bases have significant potential for eco-tourism development. The trends of eco-tourists’ inflow in the NPs and WLSs are increasing, mainly domestic tourists (r<sup>2</sup>= 0.941). However, in comparison to natural and pilgrimage tourism, eco-tourists’ inflow is low. In terms of the annual growth rate of eco-tourists’ inflow, it has been decreasing (r<sup>2</sup>=0.168). The main reasons for decreasing growth rate of eco-tourists’ inflow were remoteness, fragile landscape, rugged terrain, geo-hydrological hazards, lacking infrastructural facilities – transportation, accommodation, and institutional support in eco-tourism destinations. This study recommends policy measures for eco-tourism development in the Uttarakhand Himalaya through the creation of eco-tourism circles, development of eco-tourism parks, and providing adequate infrastructural facilities – transportation, accommodation, institutions, and communication.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Eco-tourism, national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, trends, eco-tourists’ inflow, Uttarakhand Himalaya.</p> Vishwambhar Prasad Sati Copyright (c) 2021 Vishwambhar Prasad Sati, Professor 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 5 1 Social Capital and Residents’ Participation to Rural Community-Based Tourism Development: An Initial Exploratory Study in North Central Coastal Vietnam <p>Research on regional tourism development has traditionally focused on economic factors and resource values. Less is known about the&nbsp;social capital, community needs, and this may not be fully explored in order to be a successful regional development tool. This paper examines how&nbsp;community participation has been structured in the context of rural areas. Based on data and information derived from surveys conducted with 104 households that have participated and collaborated in community-based rural tourism initiatives in the rural areas in North Central Coastal Vietnam’s provinces. The results indicated that residents’ perceptions of environmental and economic impacts of tourism influenced community support and satisfaction with their resident community. Additionally, perceptions of their social capital were also found to be attached to the levels and forms of tourism and was sensitive to rural tourism development. The study suggests that residents’ participation and social capital can be instrumental for the good governance of rural tourism provided that its potential negative consequences are recognized and dealt with appropriately.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Social capital, residents’ participation, rural tourism development, North Central Coastal&nbsp;Vietnam</p> Thu Thi Trinh Copyright (c) 2021 Thu Thi Trinh, Dr 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 5 1 Is ‘Virtual’ the New ‘Reality’ For the Events Industry?? <p>The corona virus (covid-19) has had an unprecedented impact on the tourism, events, and hospitality industries. To date the direct and indirect cumulative economic impacts are still unknown and will be difficult to quantify. As of March 2020, the events industry had already lost £10 bn due to the restrictions imposed by the pandemic (UFI, 2020). Event industry revenues for 2020 represented only 28% of the revenues recorded in the previous year. 52% of companies faced reduced profits and 30% of businesses recorded a loss of more than 50% (UFI, 2021). Furthermore, 17% of event and exhibition businesses permanently ceased trading during 2020 and 126,000 jobs were lost during the same period (Conference-News, 2020). Covid-19 has irrupted the events industry resulting in businesses adapting and innovating to survive.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Corona Virus, Impacts, Tourism, Events, Hospitality, Business Innovation</p> Amy O’Connor Wendy Sealy Copyright (c) 2021 Wendy Sealy, Dr, Amy O’Connor 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 5 1